Gynocritical Analysis of Parveen Shakir’s Translated Poems in Talking to Oneself


  • Dr. Shazia Rose National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad
  • Roshan Amber Ali Govt. Degree College for Women, Mohanpura, Rawalpindi
  • Sundas Gohar Lahore Garrison University


Parveen Shakir, Gynocriticism, Feminism, Poetry, Patriarchy


In Pakistan, patriarchal structures remain the most dominant and overpowering hierarchy that starts with men and ends with them, also women, either have no role to play in this hierarchy or they are reduced to a submissive level whose purpose is either to satiate the libido of men or to work as a homemaker. Writing becomes a source of catharsis in societies like Pakistan where women still face suppression. Parveen Shakir emerges as a poet who questions patriarchal oppression and addresses the preexisting stigmas surrounding the rights and independence of women. This study highlights the feminine perspective of Shakir’s poetry from the angle of gynocriticism as explained by Elaine Showalter. It also evaluates feminist notions in Shakir’s poetry and how they are contextualized in Pakistani society.


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