05 Native American Historicity: ocial and Cultural Embedment in Edrich's Tracks


  • Qasim Shafiq PhD student, Department of English, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad
  • Dr. Shaheena Ayub Bhatti Director, Women Research and Resource Centre (WRRC)/Professor of English, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi


Historicity, Native American fiction, Vision quests, Medicine man, Interspecies communication, Ceremony


What characterizes the nature of Native American literature and history produced in the last several decades is their being guided by Native American mythology. The mythical stories in Native American fiction are the embedment of social and cultural aspects of the indigenous society. Hence, the study demits Louise Erdrich’s Tracks (1988) to demonstrate the Native American historicity – the social and cultural embedment – in which the mythical stories of the text were (re)produced. To explain the historicity of Tracks (1988) the study applies Louise Montrose’s ‘historicity of text’ that argues the role of literature to locate the historicity – social and cultural embedment – in which it was written. To follow arguments of the ‘historicity of text’, the study traces the historicity – social and cultural embedment – of Chippewa Anishinaabe in Tracks (1988)…


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